Carrot crop sheet


Learn how to grow this tasty vegetable in your school garden.
Carrots are best gown in spring and summer terms, either under protection for early crops or later in beds and containers.

  • Estimated time: 30 minutes
  • Location: Outdoors
  • School term: Late Spring, Early Summer
  • Level of experience: No experience needed
  • Subject(s): Maths, Science

Learning objectives

  • Learn how to sow seeds
  • Learn the growth requirments of seeds and plants 
  • Learn to plant at a specified distance
  • Learn to harvest vegetables


Organic matter or fertiliser should be incorporated at least one month beforehand.
The soil, raised bed or planter should have already been cultivated, moist and weed free with a fine, crumbly texture ready for seed sowing.


Equipment needed

  • Rake or hand cultivator
  • Trowel and bamboo cane
  • Measuring stick
  • Seeds (check they are suitable to sow at that time of year)
  • Watering can with a rose
  • Enviromesh or horticultural fleece
  • Label & pencil

Step by step

  1. Make a drill (channel) in the soil 2cm deep, use a measuring stick to keep it straight. Alternatively push a bamboo cane into the soil to the correct depth.
  2. Taking a pinch of seeds at a time, sprinkle them along the drill evenly, until you have a continuous row of seeds.
  3. Cover the seeds and firm the soil with the back of a trowel. Water the drill using a watering can with a rose. Label the row, then make another drill 20cm away and do the same again.
  4. When the seedlings are about 4cm tall, thin them out so there is about 5cm between each one. Keep watering carrots in dry weather and remove any weeds.
  5. Harvest your carrots when they are big enough to pull up, remember small carrots are more tender. Alternatively leave them in the ground until you are ready to eat them.

Hints & tips

  • Carrots attract a pest called carrot root fly, which can only fly up to 50cm off the ground. Trick these pests by growing carrots in raised beds or building a barrier higher than 50cm around your carrot crop. Or you could use a resistant variety of carrot.

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