Fruit & vegetables for health lesson plan

Lesson plan

KS1 & 2 Science ( Plants, and humans), Maths
Scottish Early, First and Second level Science, Numeracy, Social Studies

  • Estimated time: 90 minutes
  • Location: Outdoors & Indoors
  • School term: All year round
  • Key stage(s): KS1, KS2
  • Subject(s): Science, PSHE

Learning objectives

  • To understand that eating fruit and vegetables is an important part of a balanced healthy diet
  • To explore the range of fruit and vegetables grown in our own country
  • To plan a school vegetable garden 

Key vocabulary

Names of fruits and vegetables, balanced diet, five a day, healthy, nutrition, vitamins


Introduce the idea that fruit and vegetables are good for you and we need them to provide our  bodies with things to keep us healthy- vitamins, minerals and fibre. How many portions of fruit and vegetables should we eat each day to ensure we have a balanced diet?


Ask the class to identify a selection of fruit and vegetables. What are their least/most favourite? Record answers as a graph or a tally chart.

Discuss which fruit and vegetables can be grown in this country. Introduce the idea that they can be grown from seeds and match them with the vegetables they become. Using these examples, ask the class to find out how and when to grow them.

Find out what plants need to grow and introduce the idea that plants get their nutrients from the soil and so it is important to look after soil. Use How much soil activity

Using the tally chart and graph data plan a vegetable plot to grow the most popular fruit and vegetables (climate permitting).

Use the  Five a day activity  to make a visual representation of a healthy eating plate. Ask pupils to find out which vitamins and minerals each of the five contain.


Recap on five-a-day and balanced diet messages.
Discuss which fruit and vegetables the children would like to eat and why.


  • A selection of fruit and vegetables
  • Photographs of fruit and vegetables
  • Vegetable seeds


These are whole class discussions and practical activites; children could present their favourite fruit and vegetable results in a format according to their ability.

Assessment questions

  • Why is it important to eat fruit and vegetables?
  • Which frut and vegetables would you like to grow?
  • which fruit and vegetables can be grown in your school garden?

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