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Fruit & vegetables for health lesson plan

Lesson plan

KS1 & 2 Science ( Plants, and humans), Maths
Scottish Early, First and Second level Science, Numeracy, Social Studies

  • Estimated time: 90 minutes
  • Location: Outdoors & Indoors
  • School term: All year round
  • Key stage(s): KS1, KS2
  • Subject(s): Science, PSHE, Geography

Learning objectives

  • To understand that eating fruit and vegetables is an important part of a balanced healthy diet
  • To explore the range of fruit and vegetables grown in our own country
  • To explore seasonality
  • To plan a school vegetable garden 

Key vocabulary

Names of fruits and vegetables, balanced diet, five a day, healthy, nutrition, vitamins, nutrients, seasonality


Ask the group to select pictures of their favourite foods and say why they like them.
Introduce the idea that fruit and vegetables are delicious, good for us and that we need to eat them to help us grow up fit and strong. Discuss to discover the level of understanding about foods we should and shouldn't eat so much of! What do we mean by a 'balanced diet'?  Explain that fruit and vegetables provide us with vitamins, minerals and fibre. How many portions should we eat each day, to ensure we have a balanced diet?


If possible observe vegetables and fruits growing and find out whether the part we eat grows above or below ground. Ask the group to identify examples of vegetables and fruits, wherever possible matching the raw ones to pictures of prepared food.

Do a class survey.  Record the least and most favourite fruit and vegetables in a graph or tally chart.
By looking at food packaging and plotting locations on a world map, discuss fruit and vegetables that can be grown in this country. 

Introduce the idea that we can grow vegetables and fruit from seeds. Look at seeds in clear packaging and match them with the vegetables they will become. Using these examples and looking at seed packets or catalogues, ask the group to find out how and when to grow them. Pose the question - can we grow vegetables and fruit all year? Discuss seasonality and make a calendar to show when they grow (in your location in the UK).

Using the data collected about favourites, plan a vegetable plot to grow the most popular fruit and vegetables (consider your location in the UK).

Use the  Five a day activity  to make a visual representation of a healthy eating plate. 



Recap on the five-a-day and balanced diet messages.
Discuss which food the children now think they should eat and why.


  • A selection of real fruit and vegetables
  • Photographs of fruit and vegetables
  • Vegetable seeds in clear packaging, seed packets and seed catalogues
  • Pictures of cooked food dishes
  • Fruit and vegetable packaging
  • World map


Groups should present their collected data in an agreed format, relative  to their ability level.
Further research could be done looking at the vitamins that are present in particular fruits and vegetables.

What next?

  • Find out about a plant's requirements for growth
  • Introduce the idea that plants also need nutrients and that they get these from the soil
  • Sow some vegetable seeds!
  • Conduct a wider survey on the popularity of fruit and vegetables
  • Start investigating the importance of soil and why we need to look after it. Use the how much soil activity

Assessment questions

  • Why is it important to eat fruit and vegetables?
  • How do named examples grow? Above or below ground?
  • Which part of the plant do we eat?
  • Which fruit and vegetables can be grown in your school garden?

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