Pea crop sheet


Peas have long been a popular vegetable. In the main the seeds are eaten, however the immature pods are tasty and peas for this purpose are called 'mange tout' (eat-all). 

  • Estimated time: 15 minutes
  • Location: Outdoors & Indoors
  • School term: Early Autumn, Early Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer, Late Summer
  • Level of experience: No experience needed
  • Subject(s): Maths, Science

Learning objectives

  • Learn how to sow seeds
  • Learn what seeds and plants need to grow
  • Learn to plant at a specified distance
  • Learn to harvest vegetables


Organic matter or fertiliser should be incorporated at least one month beforehand.
The soil, raised bed or planter should have already been cultivated, weed free with a fine, crumbly texture ready for seed sowing.

Equipment needed

  • Seeds (check they are suitable to sow at that time of year)
  • Measuring stick
  • Trowel and bamboo cane
  • Rake or hand cultivator
  • Watering can with a rose
  • Enviromesh or horticultural fleece
  • Label, pencil or dibber
  • Canes & netting or twigs for support

Step by step

Sow early peas in pots under glass in February, under fleece or cloches in March. Sow main crops outside until July. Sow overwintering peas undercover in autumn.

  1. Make a drill (channel) 5cm deep in the soil . Use a measuring stick to keep it straight if using a trowel.
  2. Or you could also use a large dibber to make holes.
  3. Sow the seeds about 15cm apart in the soil, or plant one single seed in each pot if you are growing them indoors. Avoid mice this way.
  4. Cover the seeds and firm the soil above with the back of a trowel. Water the drill using a watering can with a rose.
  5. Label the row and make another 50-120cm away and do the same again. This will depend on the size of the plant (see packet). Once planted, put in the support structure. This will also deter pests such as birds.
  6. Keep watering peas in dry weather and keep weeding.

Harvest your peas when they are the right size to eat.

Hints & tips

  • Peas are climbers or vines in the wild their leaves have modified to become tendrils
  • Most varieties need some support when growing in the garden

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