Beetroot crop sheet


This versatile root vegetable can be grown under cover in early spring or outdoors in late spring and early summer. Beetroot can be harvested throughout the summer and is suitable for pickling.

  • Estimated time: 30 minutes
  • Location: Outdoors
  • School term: Early Autumn, Late Spring, Early Summer, Late Summer
  • Level of experience: No experience needed
  • Subject(s): English, Maths, Science

Learning objectives

  • Learn how to sow seeds
  • Learn what seeds and plants need to grow
  • Learn to plant at a specified distance
  • Learn to harvest vegetables

Step by step

  1. Create a shallow drill around 2.5cm using a bamboo cane. During dry weather it is a good idea to water the drill before sowing the seeds.
  2. Beetroot seeds are 'station' sown, this is when several seeds are sown in the same place. Plant 3-4 seeds at 12cm intervals.
  3. Cover the seeds with soil and firm with the back of a trowel.
  4. Label the row, make another row 25-30cm away and repeat the process described above.
  5. When the seedlings are around 3-4cm high, pinch out the weaker plants in each clump. This will leave the one that is strongest to grow well.
  6. Remember to water the seedlings in dry weather and keep the area weed free.
  7. Ideally beetroot should be between golf ball and tennis ball size to be ready for harvest. The size of the growth above ground should give you some idea of the root below ground.

Hints & tips

  • Firm up the soil around the stems of the plants as they grow in order to stop the roots drying out and splitting
  • Try growing different yellow, white or long beetroot 

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